Listed below are the lead concentrations (in mg/g) measured in different Ayurveda medicines. Ayurveda is a traditional medical system commonly used in India. The lead concentrations listed here are from medicines manufactured in the United States. The data are based on the article “Lead, Mercury, and Arsenic in US and Indian Manufactured Ayurvedic Medicines Sold via the Internet,” by Saper, et al., Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 300, No. 8. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the mean lead concentration for all such medicines is less than 14 mg/g.
3.0 6.5 6.0 5.5 20.5 7.5 12.0 20.5 11.5 17.5
Use either the P-value method or the critical value method for testing hypotheses. Identify the null and alternative hypotheses, test statistic, P-value (or range of P-values), critical value(s), and state the final conclusion that addresses the original claim.