Maloney Pharmaceuticals manufactures an over-the-counter allergy medication called Breathe and is trying to win market share from Sudafed and Tylenol. Maloney Pharmaceuticals has developed several different Breathe products tailored to specific markets. For example, the company sells large commercial containers of 1,000 capsules to health-care facilities and travel packs of 20 capsules to shops in airports, train stations, and hotels. Maloney Pharmaceuticals’ controller, Sandra Dean, has just returned from a conference on ABC. She asks Keith Yeung, supervisor of the Breathe product line, to help her develop an ABC system. Dean and Yeung identify the following activities, related costs, and cost allocation bases:
The commercial-container Breathe product line had a total weight of 8,200 kilograms, used 1,200 machine hours, and required 270 samples. The travel-pack line had a total weight of 6,500 kg, used 400 machine hours, and required 370 samples. Maloney produced 2,700 commercial containers of Breathe and 40,000 travel packs.
1. Compute the cost allocation rate for each activity.
2. Use the activity-based cost allocation rates to compute the indirect cost of each unit of the commercial containers and the travel packs. (Hint: Compute the total activity costs allocated to each product line and then compute the cost per unit.)
3. Maloney Pharmaceuticals’ original single-allocation-based cost system allocated indirect costs to products at $350 per machine hour. Compute the total indirect costs allocated to the commercial containers and to the travel packs under the original system. Then, compute the indirect cost per unit for each product.
4. Compare the activity-based costs per unit to the costs from the simpler original system. How have the unit costs changed? Explain why the costs changed as they did.

  • CreatedApril 30, 2015
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