Match each of the numbered definitions with the correct term in the following list. Write the letter of your choice in the answer column.
a. Commerce clause
b. Doctrine of preemption
c. Eighth Amendment
d. Express powers
e. Fifth Amendment
f. First Amendment
g. Fourth Amendment
h. Full faith and credit clause
i. Implied powers
j. Judicial review
k. Probable cause
l. Procedural due process
m. Rational basis test
n. Strict scrutiny test
o. Substantive due process
1. Rights specifically granted to Congress by the federal Constitution. 1. ____________
2. A provision of the Constitution that mandates that each state respect and enforce both the judgments awarded by courts in other states, and the statutes and case law of other states. 2. ____________
3. A provision of the Constitution that requires that police officers and other government officials must have probable cause to conduct a personal or property search. 3. ____________
4. Rights granted to Congress that have arisen as a result of interpretation of the express powers by the courts. 4. ____________
5. A reasonable belief that a prudent police officer must have that a suspect has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a crime, thereby giving the officer the authority to conduct a search. 5. ____________
6. A provision of the Constitution that restricts both the severity and the types of punishments that may be imposed by federal and state governments. 6. ____________
7. The process of deciding if a law is contrary to the Constitution. 7. ____________
8. A constitutional mandate that all persons affected by a legal proceeding receive notice of its subject matter, time, and place and that these proceedings be conducted by a judge who is fair and impartial. 8. ____________
9. A test that measures whether the legislature had a compelling interest for enacting a particular statute. 9. ____________
10. A principle that states that when certain state or local laws are inconsistent with the federal law, the federal law must be followed. 10. ___________
11. A constitutional mandate that government not unreasonably interfere with an individual’s life, liberty, or property rights. 11. ___________
12. A provision of the Constitution that provides for freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press. 12. ___________
13. A provision of the Constitution that grants Congress the power to regulate trade with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes. 13. ___________
14. A test that measures whether the legislature had a reasonable, and not arbitrary, basis for enacting a particular statute. 14. ___________
15. A provision of the Constitution that relates to double jeopardy, self-incrimination, due process, and eminent domain. 15. ___________

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