Question

Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following statements about ratio analysis is not true?
a. Financial ratios can show how a company has done in the past but are not very useful in predicting its future direction and financial position.
b. The most compelling reason to analyze financial statements is simply that it provides useful information to supplement information directly provided in financial statements.
c. Financial statement analysis involves the application of analytical tools to financial statements and to the supplemental data included with the financial statements to enhance the ability of decision makers to make optimal decisions.
d. For both internal and external users, financial statement analysis enhances the usefulness of the information contained in the financial statements.

2. Which of the following is not a limitation of financial statement analysis?
a. When comparing companies, you need to take into consideration differences in accounting methods and cost flow assumptions.
b. Financial statement analysis involves the application of analytical tools to financial statements and to the supplemental data included with the financial statements to enhance the ability of decision makers to make optimal decisions.
c. In order to properly prepare and interpret financial statement ratios, these methods, estimates, and assumptions must be taken into consideration.
d. Ratios must be looked at as a story that can’t be told without all the pieces.

3. To perform horizontal analysis:
a. Dollar changes and percentage changes in each item on the balance sheet are often provided.
b. Common-size financial statements are prepared.
c. Return on investment (ROI), residual income, and economic value added (EVA) are computed.
d. Each of the above is true.

4. Which of the following statements regarding trend analysis is not true?
a. Many annual reports include, as supplemental information, up to 10 years of financial data that can be used to perform trend analysis.
b. Decision makers can use trend analysis to build prediction models to forecast financial performance.
c. Trend analysis is also known as vertical analysis.
d. Trend analysis can be used to identify problem areas by looking for sudden or abnormal changes in accounts.

5. Achmed’s Animations had current assets and current liabilities in 2009 and 2008 as follows:


The amount of working capital from 2008 to 2009 was:
a. Increased by $25,000
b. Decreased by $7,000
c. Increased by $32,000
d. Decreased by $32,000

6. Carla’s Creations had sales of $950,000 and net operating income of $575,000 last year. If operating assets during that year averaged $450,000, Carla’s Creations’ asset turnover is:
a. 0.605
b. 0.783
c. 1.277
d. 2.111
Use the following information from Paddington’s 12/31/09 financial statements to answer questions 7, 8, and 9:


7. Paddington’s current ratio is:
a. 5.375
b. 3.81
c. 3.50
d. It cannot be determined from the information provided.

8. Paddington’s acid-test ratio is:
a. 5.375
b. 3.81
c. 3.5
d. It cannot be determined from the information provided.

9. Paddington’s debt-to-equity ratio is:
a. 0.10
b. 0.11
c. 0.18
d. It cannot be determined from the information provided.

10. Brown’s Breads had the following financial statement information for 2009:
Net sales ............. $1,500,000
Gross profit margin ......... 1,250,000
Interest expense (net of tax) ....... 240,000
Net income ............. 900,000
Total assets, 12/31/08 ......... 1,010,000
Total assets, 12/31/09 ......... 1,200,000
Total liabilities, 12/31/09 ....... 260,000
Stockholders’ equity, 12/31/08 ....... 650,000
Stockholders’ equity, 12/31/09 ..... 750,000
Preferred dividends .......... 100,000
Average number of shares outstanding .. 1,000,000
The return on common stockholders’ equity for Brown’s Breads is:
a. 1.14
b. 1.20
c. 1.38
d. It cannot be determined from the informationprovided.


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  • CreatedMarch 11, 2015
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