Naib Company engaged in the following transactions in July 2014:
July 1 Sold merchandise to Lina Lopez on credit, terms n/30, FOB shipping point, $4,200 (cost, $2,520).
3 Purchased merchandise on credit from Ruff Company, terms n/30, FOB shipping point, $7,600.
5 Paid Craft Freight for freight charges on merchandise received, $580.
8 Purchased merchandise on credit from Kansas Supply Company, terms n/30, FOB shipping point, $7,200, which includes $400 freight costs paid by Kansas Supply.
12 Returned some of the merchandise purchased on July 3 for credit, $1,200.
15 Sold merchandise on credit to Peter Watts, terms n/30, FOB shipping point, $2,400 (cost, $1,440).
17 Sold merchandise for cash, $2,000 (cost, $1,200).
18 Accepted for full credit a return from Lina Lopez and returned merchandise to inventory, $400 (cost, $240).
24 Paid Ruff Company for purchase of July 3 less return of July 12.
25 Received check from Lina Lopez for July 1 purchase less the return on July 18.
1. Prepare journal entries to record the transactions, assuming use of the perpetual inventory system.
2. Most companies call the first line of the income statement net sales. Other companies call it sales. Do you think these terms are equivalent and comparable? What would be the content of net sales? Why might a company use sales instead of net sales?