# Question: Northern flying squirrels eat lichen and fungi which makes for

Northern flying squirrels eat lichen and fungi, which makes for a relatively low quality diet. The authors of the paper “Nutritional Value and Diet Preference of Arboreal Lichens and Hypogeous Fungi for Small Mammals in the Rocky Mountain” (Canadian Journal of Zoology [2008]: 851–862) measured nitrogen intake and nitrogen retention in six flying squirrels that were fed the fungus Rhizopogon. Data read from a graph that appeared in the paper are given in the table below. (The negative value for nitrogen retention for the first squirrel represents a net loss in nitrogen.)
a. Construct a scatterplot of these data.
b. Find the equation of the least-squares regression liane. Based on this line, what would you predict nitrogen retention to be for a flying squirrel whose nitrogen intake is 0.06 grams? What is the residual associated with the observation (0.06, 0.01)?
c. Look again at the scatterplot from Part (a). Which observation is potentially influential? Explain the reason for your choice.
d. When the potentially influential observation is deleted from the data set, the equation of the leastsquares regression line fit to the remaining five observations is y^ = 20.037 + 0.627x. Use this equation to predict nitrogen retention for a flying squirrel whose nitrogen intake is 0.06. Is this prediction much different than the prediction made in Part (b)? y^ = 0.00062, small difference

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