On February 1, 2011, Arrow Construction Company entered into a three-year construction contract to build a bridge for a price of $8,000,000. During 2011, costs of $2,000,000 were incurred with estimated costs of $4,000,000 yet to be incurred. Billings of $2,500,000 were sent and cash collected was $2,250,000.
In 2012, costs incurred were $2,500,000 with remaining costs estimated to be $3,600,000. 2012 billings were $2,750,000 and $2,475,000 cash was collected. The project was completed in 2013 after additional costs of $3,800,000 were incurred. The company's fiscal year-end is December 31. Arrow uses the percentage-of-completion method.
1. Calculate the amount of gross profit or loss to be recognized in each of the three years.
2. Prepare journal entries for 2011 and 2012 to record the transactions described (credit various accounts for construction costs incurred).
3. Prepare a partial balance sheet to show the presentation of the project as of December 31, 2011 and 2012