Question: On Friday Wall Street traders were anxiously awaiting the federal
On Friday, Wall Street traders were anxiously awaiting the federal government’s release of numbers on the January increase in nonfarm payrolls. The early consensus estimate among economists was for a growth of 250,000 new jobs (CNBC, February 3, 2006). However, a sample of 20 economists taken Thursday afternoon provided a sample mean of 266,000 with a sample standard deviation of 24,000. Financial analysts often call such a sample mean, based on late-breaking news, the whisper Number. Treat the “consensus estimate” as the population mean. Conduct a hypothesis test to determine whether the whisper number justifies a conclusion of a statistically significant increase in the consensus estimate of economists. Use α = .01 as the level of significance.
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