Question

Professors and other researchers use scholarly journals to publish the results of their research. However, only a small minority of the submitted papers is accepted for publication by the most prestigious journals. In many academic fields, there is a debate as to whether submitted papers written by women are treated as well as those submitted by men. In the January 1994 issue of European Science Editing (Maisonneuve, January 1994), there was a report on a study that examined this question. Here is part of that report: Similarly, no bias was found to exist at JAMA [Journal of the American Medical Association] in acceptance rates based on the gender of the corresponding author and the assigned editor. In the sample of 1851 articles considered in this study female editors used female reviewers more often than did male editors (P < 0.001).
That quote actually contains the results of two separate hypothesis tests. Explain what the two sets of hypotheses tested are and what you can conclude about the p-value for each set.


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  • CreatedOctober 22, 2015
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