physical geography

Project Description:

fourth task – term paper
out of the four questions, answer only one. your paper should start with an introduction, and end with a conclusion. your paper's referencing should adhere to the apa system. a copy of the apa system is available under 'course materials'  the paper should be more than 1,000 words but should not exceed 1500 words. this paper is to test the student's ability to analyze geographical issues studied in weeks 6 and 7 within the context of current global climatic changes discussed earlier in week 3. additional information on climate change impacts can be obtained from natural resources canada's publication on climate change. two web addresses for the same publication are provided below. they are big documents hence you must not print all  – just print or even read online the sections that cover your questions !
http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/earth-sciences/products-services/publications/climate-change/climate-change-impacts-adaptation/356
 
http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/sites/www.nrcan.gc.ca.earth-sciences/files/pdf/perspective/pdf/report_e.pdf
 
questions
1. the boreal forests of canada are an important terrestrial biome. how does climate change affect boreal forests? answer in relation to impacts of two major climatic changes
high temperatures/ excessive warming
frequent precipitation
(refer to lesson notes 3, section on global warming; then additional information from natural resources canada's publication refer to sections on 'forestry')
 
​2.    various glacial landforms such as fjords have developed in the arctic and mountainous regions of the world over millions of years. two key changes in geographical conditions of these areas that are associated with climate change are reduction in glaciers and thawing of permafrost. discuss either:  how a decrease in glaciers will affect glacial landforms or: thawing of permafrost will affect activities in these regions (transportation, mining etc in the northern regions of canada or other areas in the world)
 
(for information on impact of decrease in glaciers, refer to lesson notes 6 on glacial landforms, lesson 3 especially the section on global warming; then additional information from natural resources canada's publication,  sections on  'coastal zones')
(for information on impact of thawing of permafrost on activities in the regions, refer to lesson notes 3, section on global warming; then additional information from natural resources canada's publication,  sections on 'fisheries' 'coastal zones', 'transportation')
 
1. climatic factors influence the formation of soils, soil erosion and other soil development processes. global climatic change will therefore affect soils in various ways. assess the impact of two critical climate change components on soils as follows:
a) increased temperatures on soil formation
b) increased precipitation on soil erosion
 
1. the seas, lakes and rivers are important habitats of fish and other aquatic living organisms. how will habitats of such organisms such as the great lakes of canada be affected by
a) increased temperatures
b) changes in water levels.
(additional information from natural resources canada's publication. refer to sections on 'water resources' and 'fisheries')
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