# Question

Refer to Exercise 18.4.

In Exercise 18.4

A meat science researcher designed a study to investigate the impact of increasing the portion of grain (and hence decreasing the portion of hay) in the daily ration for cattle on the tenderness of beef steaks obtained from the cattle. Twelve steers of the same breed, age, and weight were selected for the study. Four of the steers were randomly assigned to one of the following three rations, factor A:

Ration 1: (A1) 75% grain, 25% hay

Ration 2: (A2) 50% grain, 50% hay

Ration 3: (A3) 25% grain, 75% hay

After being on the ration for 90 days, the steers were butchered, and four sirloin steaks were obtained from each carcass. The steaks were then randomly assigned to one of four aging times, factor B: 1, 7, 14, or 21 days. After being stored at 18C for 90 days, the steaks were thawed and then cooked to an internal temperature of 708C. Next, 68 cores (1.27 cm in diameter) were removed parallel to fiber orientation from each steak, and the peak shear force was measured on each core using a Warner–Bratzler shearing device. The mean shear force values (kg) are given in the following table.

The treatment means are given in the following table.

a. Explain how this study could have been conducted as a completely randomizeddesign.

b. What would be the gain in conducting the experiment as a completely randomized design over the split-plot design?

c. If the completely randomized design is an improvement over the split-plot design, why was the split-plot design used? 18.4 Two-Factor Experiments with Repeated Measures on One of the Factors

In Exercise 18.4

A meat science researcher designed a study to investigate the impact of increasing the portion of grain (and hence decreasing the portion of hay) in the daily ration for cattle on the tenderness of beef steaks obtained from the cattle. Twelve steers of the same breed, age, and weight were selected for the study. Four of the steers were randomly assigned to one of the following three rations, factor A:

Ration 1: (A1) 75% grain, 25% hay

Ration 2: (A2) 50% grain, 50% hay

Ration 3: (A3) 25% grain, 75% hay

After being on the ration for 90 days, the steers were butchered, and four sirloin steaks were obtained from each carcass. The steaks were then randomly assigned to one of four aging times, factor B: 1, 7, 14, or 21 days. After being stored at 18C for 90 days, the steaks were thawed and then cooked to an internal temperature of 708C. Next, 68 cores (1.27 cm in diameter) were removed parallel to fiber orientation from each steak, and the peak shear force was measured on each core using a Warner–Bratzler shearing device. The mean shear force values (kg) are given in the following table.

The treatment means are given in the following table.

a. Explain how this study could have been conducted as a completely randomizeddesign.

b. What would be the gain in conducting the experiment as a completely randomized design over the split-plot design?

c. If the completely randomized design is an improvement over the split-plot design, why was the split-plot design used? 18.4 Two-Factor Experiments with Repeated Measures on One of the Factors

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