Question: Refer to Exercise A 17 That study also looked at the

Refer to Exercise A.17. That study also looked at the incidences of heart attacks in the two groups of women. Overall the study did not find a statistically significant difference in heart attacks between the two groups of women. However, the study noted that among women who were at least 65 years old when the study began, there was a lower incidence of heart attack for those who took aspirin than for those who took a placebo. Suppose that some medical researchers want to study this phenomenon more closely. They recruit 2000 healthy women aged 65 years and older, and randomly divide them into two groups. One group takes 100 mg of aspirin every other day, and the other group takes a placebo. The women did not know to which group they belonged, but the doctors who conducted the study had access to this information.
a. In this an observational study or a designed experiment? Explain.
b. Is this a double-blind study? Explain.

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