# Question

Refer to the journal article given as Original Source 2 on the companion website, “Development and initial validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: Prevalence and correlates of hangover symptoms in college students.” On page 1447 it says: “The HSS [Hangover Symptoms Scale] was significantly positively associated with the frequency of drinking (r = 0.44).”

a. What two variables were measured for each person to provide this result?

b. Explain what is meant by r = .44.

c. What is meant by the word significantly as it is used in the quote?

d. The authors did not provide a regression equation relating the two variables. If a regression equation were to be found for the two variables in the quote, which one do you think would be the logical explanatory variable? Explain.

a. What two variables were measured for each person to provide this result?

b. Explain what is meant by r = .44.

c. What is meant by the word significantly as it is used in the quote?

d. The authors did not provide a regression equation relating the two variables. If a regression equation were to be found for the two variables in the quote, which one do you think would be the logical explanatory variable? Explain.

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