Refer to the Science (Feb. 20, 2004) study on the relationship between brain activity and pain-related empathy in persons who watch others in pain, presented in Exercise. Recall that 16 female partners watched while painful stimulation was applied to the finger of their respective male partners. The two variables of interest were y = female>s pain-related brain activity (measured on a scale ranging from -2 to 2) and x = female>s score on the Empathic Concern Scale (0 to 25 points). The data, saved in the BRAINPAIN file, are reproduced in the accompanying table. Use Spearman's rank correlation test to answer the research question, "Do people scoring higher in empathy show higher pain-related brain activity?"
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