Refer to the Trends in Biomaterials & Artificial Organs (Jan. 2003) study of a new bonding adhesive for teeth, presented in Exercise. Recall that the new adhesive (called “Smartbond”) has been developed to eliminate the necessity of a dry field. In one portion of the study, 30 extracted teeth were bonded with Smartbond and each was randomly assigned one of three different bonding times: 1 hour, 24 hours, or 48 hours. At the end of the bonding period, the breaking strength (in Mpa) of each tooth was determined. The data were analyzed with the use of analysis of variance in order to determine whether the true mean breaking strength of the new adhesive varies with the bonding time.
a. Identify the experimental units, treatments, and response variable for this completely randomized design.
b. Set up the null and alternative hypotheses for the ANOVA.
c. Find the rejection region using α = .01.
d. The test results were F = 61.62 and p-value ≈ 0. Give the appropriate conclusion for the test.
e. What conditions are required for the test results to be valid?