Represent the sentence “All Germans speak the same languages” in predicate calculus. Use Speaks (x, 1), meaning that person x speaks language l.
Answer to relevant QuestionsWhat axiom is needed to infer the fact Female (Laura) given the facts Male (Jim) and Spouse (Jim, Laura)?Explain what is wrong with the following proposed definition of the set membership predicate €: From Likes (Jerry, Ice Cream) it seems reasonable to infer Эx Likes (x, Ice Cream). Write down a general inference rule, Existential Introduction that sanctions this inference. State carefully the conditions that must ...In this question we will use the sentences you wrote in Exercise 9.9 to answer a question using a backward-chaining algorithm. a. Draw the proof tree generated by an exhaustive backward-chaining algorithm for the query ...b. Is (A) true under this interpretation?c. Is (B) true under this interpretation?d. Does (A) logically entail (B)?e. Does (B) logically entail (A)?f. Using resolution, try to prove that (A) follows from (B). Do this even if ...
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