Question

Salamanca produces and sells refrigerator magnets to be sold as novelty items by resorts. Last year, Salamanca sold 198,400 units. The income statement for Salamanca, Inc., for last year is as follows:
Sales ............ $992,000
Less: Variable expenses .... 545,600
Contribution margin .... $446,400
Less: Fixed expenses .... 180,000
Operating income .... $266,400
Required:
1. Compute the break-even point in units and in revenues. Compute the margin of safety in sales revenue for last year.
2. Suppose that the selling price decreases by 8 percent. Will the break-even point increase or decrease? Recompute the break-even point in units.
3. Suppose that the variable cost per unit decreases by $0.20. Will the break-even point increase or decrease? Recompute the break-even point in units.
4. Can you predict whether the break-even point increases or decreases if both the selling price and the unit variable cost decrease? Recompute the break-even point in units incorporating both of the changes in Requirements 2 and 3.
5. Assume that total fixed costs increase by $50,000. (Assume no other changes from the original data.) Will the break-even point increase or decrease? Recompute it.


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  • CreatedSeptember 01, 2015
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