# Question

Samples of 20 parts from a metal punching process are selected every hour. Typically, 1% of the parts require rework. Let X denote the number of parts in the sample of 20 that require rework. A process problem is suspected if X exceeds its mean by more than three standard deviations.
(a) If the percentage of parts that require rework remains at 1%, what is the probability that X exceeds its mean by more than three standard deviations?
(b) If the rework percentage increases to 4%, what is the probability that X exceeds 1?
(c) If the rework percentage increases to 4%, what is the probability that X exceeds 1 in at least one of the next five hours of samples?

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