Sea Life Aquarium, a not-for-proﬁt entity, received a contribution of $500,000 that must be used to acquire plant and equipment. In the following year it applied the gift toward the purchase of various items of plant and equipment. Management estimates that the useful life will be ten years (with no salvage value).
1. Prepare journal entries to record the contribution, the purchase of equipment, and ﬁrst-year depreciation. Be sure to indicate the type of fund in which each entry would be made. Assume that the aquarium adheres to standard practice as to when resources are released from restriction.
2. Assume now that management has a policy (consistent with donor wishes) of imposing a time restriction on contributions restricted for the acquisition of long lived assets. The policy speciﬁes that the contributed resources be released from restriction only over the life of the asset.
a. Prepare journal entries to record the contribution, the purchase of equipment, and ﬁrst-year depreciation.
b. What would be the impact of such a policy on the ﬁnancial statements and on availability for expenditure of cash or other organization assets?