Select the correct answer for each of the following questions.
1. Two interesting and important topics concerning the SEC are the role it plays in the development of accounting principles and the impact it has had and will continue to have on the accounting profession and business in general. Which of the following statements about the SEC's authority on accounting practice is false?
a. The SEC has the statutory authority to regulate and to prescribe the form and content of financial statements and other reports it receives.
b. Regulation S-X of the SEC is the principal source of the form and content of financial statements to be included in registration statements and financial reports filed with the Commission.
c. The SEC has little if any authority over disclosures in corporate annual reports mailed to shareholders with proxy solicitations. The type of information disclosed and the format to be used are left to the discretion of management.
d. If the Commission disagrees with some presentation in the registrant's financial statements, but the principles used by the registrant have substantial authoritative support, the SEC often accepts footnotes to the statements in lieu of correcting the statements to the SEC view, provided the SEC has not previously expressed its opinion on the matter in published material.
2. The Securities and Exchange Commission was established in 1934 to help regulate the U.S. securities market. Which of the following statements is true about the SEC?
a. The SEC prohibits the sale of speculative securities.
b. The SEC regulates securities offered for public sale.
c. Registration with the SEC guarantees the accuracy of the registrant's prospectus.
d. The SEC's initial influences and authority have diminished in recent years as the stock exchanges have become more organized and better able to police themselves.
e. The SEC's powers are broad with respect to enforcement of its reporting requirements as established in the 1933 and 1934 acts but narrow with respect to new reporting requirements because these require confirmation by Congress.
3. The SEC is organized into several divisions and principal offices. The organization unit that reviews registration statements, annual reports, and proxy statements filed with the Commission is
a. The Office of the Chief Accountant.
b. The Division of Corporation Finance.
c. The Division of Enforcement.
d. The Division of Market Regulation.
e. The Office of the Comptroller.
4. Regulation S-X
a. Specifies the information that can be incorporated by reference from the annual report into the registration statement filed with the SEC.
b. Specifies the regulation and reporting requirements of proxy solicitations.
c. Provides the basis for generally accepted accounting principles.
d. Specifies the general form and content requirements of financial statements filed with the SEC.
e. Provides explanations and clarifications of changes in accounting or auditing procedures used in reports filed with the SEC.
5. Which of the following is not a purpose of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934?
a. To establish federal regulation over securities exchanges and markets.
b. To prevent unfair practices on securities exchanges and markets.
c. To discourage and prevent the use of credit in financing excessive speculation in securities.
d. To improve the securities of corporations that are to be traded publicly.
e. To control unfair use of information by corporate insiders.
6. Regulation S-K disclosure requirements of the SEC deal with the company's business, properties, and legal proceedings; selected five-year summary financial data; management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations; and
a. The form and content of the required financial statements.
b. The requirements for filing interim financial statements.
c. Unofficial interpretations and practices regarding securities laws disclosure requirements.
d. Supplementary financial information such as quarterly financial data and information on the effects of changing prices.
e. The determination of the proper registration statement form to be used in any specific public offering of securities.