# Question: Suppose you are testing someone to see whether he or

Suppose you are testing someone to see whether he or she can tell butter from margarine when it is spread on toast. You use many bite-sized pieces selected randomly, half from buttered toast and half from toast with margarine. The taster is blindfolded. The null hypothesis is that the taster is just guessing and should get about half right. When you reject the null hypothesis when it is actually true, that is often called the first kind of error. The second kind of error is when the null is false and you fail to reject. Report the first kind of error and the second kind of error.

**View Solution:**## Answer to relevant Questions

A person spinning a 1962 penny gets 10 heads out of 50 spins. Because she gets a p-value of 0.00002, she says she has proved the coin is biased. What is the flaw in the statement and how would you correct it? When comparing two sample proportions with a two-sided alternative hypothesis, all other factors being equal, will you get a smaller p-value if the sample proportions are close together or if they are far apart? Explain. In a 1997 study, people were observed for about 10 seconds in public places, such as malls and restaurants, to determine whether they smiled during the randomly chosen 10-second interval. The table shows the results for ...The Gallup organization frequently conducts polls in which they ask the following question: “In general, do you feel that the laws covering the sale of fire-arms should be made more strict, less strict, or kept as they are ...The average income in the District of Columbia in 2013 was $76,000 per person per year. Suppose the standard deviation is $35,000 and the distribution is right skewed. Suppose we take a random sample of 100 residents of ...Post your question