Question: The article Spray Flu Vaccine May Work Better Than Injections

The article “Spray Flu Vaccine May Work Better Than Injections for Tots” (San Luis Obispo Tribune, May 2, 2006) described a study that compared flu vaccine administered by injection and flu vaccine administered as a nasal spray. Each of the 8000 children under the age of = who participated in the study received both a nasal spray and an injection, but only one was the real vaccine and the other was salt water. At the end of the flu season, it was determined that 3.9% of the 4000 children receiving the real vaccine by nasal spray got sick with the flu and 8.6% of the 4000 receiving the real vaccine by injection got sick with the flu.
a. Why would the researchers give every child both a nasal spray and an injection?
b. Use the given data to estimate the difference in the proportion of children who get sick with the flu after being vaccinated with an injection and the proportion of children who get sick with the flu after being vaccinated with the nasal spray using a 99% confidence interval. Based on the confidence interval, would you conclude that the proportion of children who get the flu is different for the two vaccination methods?

Sales1
Views48