# Question: The auditor for a large corporation routinely monitors cash disbursements

The auditor for a large corporation routinely monitors cash disbursements. As part of this process, the auditor examines check request forms to determine whether they have been properly approved. Improper approval can occur in several ways. For instance, the check may have no approval, the check request might be missing, the approval might be written by an unauthorized person, or the dollar limit of the authorizing person might be exceeded.
a. Last year the corporation experienced a 5 percent improper check request approval rate. Because this was considered unacceptable, efforts were made to reduce the rate of improper approvals. Letting p be the proportion of all checks that are now improperly approved, set up the null and alternative hypotheses needed to attempt to demonstrate that the current rate of improper approvals is lower than last year’s rate of 5 percent.
b. Suppose that the auditor selects a random sample of 625 checks that have been approved in the last month. The auditor finds that 18 of these 625 checks have been improperly approved. Use critical values and this sample information to test the hypotheses you set up in part a at the .10, .05, .01, and .001 levels of significance. How much evidence is there that the rate of improper approvals has been reduced below last year’s 5 percent rate?
c. Find the p-value for the test of part b. Use the p-value to carry out the test by setting a equal to .10, .05, .01, and .001. Interpret your results.
d. Suppose the corporation incurs a \$ 10 cost to detect and correct an improperly approved check. If the corporation disburses at least 2 million checks per year, does the observed reduction of the rate of improper approvals seem to have practical importance? Explain your opinion.

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