The average college student goes through 500 disposable cups in a year. To raise environmental awareness, a student group at a large university volunteered to help count how many cups were used by students on their campus. A random sample of 50 students’ results found that they used a mean of 476 cups with σ = 42 cups. At α = 0.01, is there sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean differs from 500?
Perform each of the following steps.
a. State the hypotheses and identify the claim.
b. Find the critical value(s).
c. Compute the test value.
d. Make the decision.
e. Summarize the results.
Use diagrams to show the critical region (or regions), and use the traditional method of hypothesis testing unless otherwise specified.