The director of the Kaiser Family Foundation s Program for the
The director of the Kaiser Family Foundation’s Program for the Study of Entertainment Media and Health said, “It’s not just teenagers who are wired up and tuned in, its babies in diapers as well.” A study by Kaiser Foundation provided one of the first looks at media use among the very youngest children—those from 6 months to 6 years of age (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2003, www .kff.org). Because previous research indicated that children who have a TV in their bedroom spend less time reading than other children, the authors of the Foundation study were interested in learning about the proportion of kids who have a TV in their bedroom. They collected data from two independent random samples of parents. One sample consisted of parents of children age 6 months to 3 years old. The second sample consisted of parents of children age 3 to 6 years old. They found that room was .30 for the sample of children age 6 months to 3 years and .43 for the sample of children age 3 to 6 years old. Suppose that the two sample sizes were each 100.
a. Construct and interpret a 95% confidence interval for the proportion of children age 6 months to 3 years who have a TV in their bedroom.
b. Construct and interpret a 95% confidence interval for the proportion of children age 3 to 6 years who have a TV in their bedroom.
c. Do the confidence intervals from Parts (a) and (b) overlap? What does this suggest about the two population proportions?
d. Construct and interpret a 95% confidence interval for the difference in the proportion that have TVs in the bedroom for children age 6 months to 3 years and for children age 3 to 6 years.
e. Is the interval in Part (d) consistent with your answer in Part (c)? Explain.
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