The electrons of atoms are arranged in three-dimensional energy-level “shells” or spheres. What is the stable maximum number of electrons in the outer energy-level shell of an atom?
Answer to relevant QuestionsAtoms “strive toward stability” by trying to fill the outer energy-level shell to the maximum stable number of 8. This is commonly illustrated by the bonding of sodium and chlorine atoms (Fig. 2.2). Explain how this ...Explain the other geologically important type of chemical bonding, covalent bonding; give an example.What are the two main factors that determine which ions of the many types present in a watery solution or in a magma will be bonded together to form minerals?A major principle is illustrated by the “rock cycle” in Fig. 2.6, although it may not be readily apparent. Think about it, and then see if the answer does indeed make sense.What is the streak of a mineral?
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