The Energy Information Administration reported that 51.7% of homes in the United States were heated by natural gas. A random sample of 200 homes found that 115 were heated by natural gas. Does the evidence support the claim, or has the percentage changed? Use α = 0.05 and the P-value method. What could be different if the sample were taken in a different geographic area?
Perform each of the following steps.
a. State the hypotheses and identify the claim.
b. Find the critical value(s).
c. Compute the test value.
d. Make the decision.
e. Summarize the results.
Use the traditional method of hypothesis testing unless otherwise specified.