The enzymes required to carry out transcription and translation are themselves produced through these same processes. Speculate which may have come first in evolution—proteins or nucleic acids—and explain your choice.
Answer to relevant QuestionsWhy can one not reliably predict the sequence of nucleotides on mRNA or DNA by observing the amino acid sequence of proteins? a. Give an example of a benefit of genetic engineering to society and a possible adverse outcome. Discuss. b. Give an example of an ecological benefit and a possible adverse side effect. Discuss. The way that PCR amplifies DNA is similar to the doubling in a population of growing bacteria; a single DNA strand is used to synthesize 2 DNA strands, which become 4, then 8, then 16, etc. If a complete cycle takes 3 ...From chapter 2, figure 2.20. Study this illustration of a cell membrane. In what ways could alcohol damage this membrane? How would that harm the cell? Figure 2.20 For the following figures 1–5, research the chapter to find an appropriate drug to treat an infection with the microbe shown, and explain what its effects will be.
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