The FASB has been working on a conceptual framework for financial accounting and reporting and has issued seven Statements of Financial Accounting Concepts. These SFAC s are intended to set forth objectives and fundamentals that will be the basis for developing financial accounting and reporting standards. The objectives identify the goals and purposes of financial reporting. The fundamentals are the underlying concepts of financial accounting— concepts that guide the selection of transactions, events, and circumstances to be accounted for; their recognition and measurement; and the means of summarizing and communicating them to interested parties. The purpose of SFAC No. 8 , “ Qualitative Characteristics of Accounting Information,” is to examine the characteristics that make accounting information useful. The characteristics or qualities of information discussed in SFAC No. 8 are the ingredients that make information useful and the qualities to be sought when accounting choices are made.
a. Identify and discuss the benefits that can be expected to be derived from the FASB’s conceptual framework study.
b. What are the two fundamental qualities that make accounting information useful?