# Question: The following data represent the number of traf c fatalities in

The following data represent the number of trafﬁc fatalities in the United States in 2009 by seat location and gender.

(a) Among female fatalities, what is the probability that a randomly selected fatality is the driver?

(b) Among passenger fatalities, what is the probability that a randomly selected fatality is female?

(c) Suppose you are a police ofﬁcer called to the scene of a trafﬁc accident with a fatality. The dispatcher states that the victim was driving, but the gender is not known. Is the victim more likely to be male or female? Why?

(a) Among female fatalities, what is the probability that a randomly selected fatality is the driver?

(b) Among passenger fatalities, what is the probability that a randomly selected fatality is female?

(c) Suppose you are a police ofﬁcer called to the scene of a trafﬁc accident with a fatality. The dispatcher states that the victim was driving, but the gender is not known. Is the victim more likely to be male or female? Why?

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