The following questions are used in the Kaplan CPA Review Course to study shareholders' equity while preparing for the CPA examination. Determine the response that best completes the statements or questions.
1. In 2009, Fogg, Inc., issued $10 par value common stock for $25 per share. No other common stock transactions occurred until March 31, 2011, when Fogg acquired some of the issued shares for $20 per share and retired them. Which of the following statements correctly states an effect of this acquisition and retirement?
a. 2011 net income is decreased.
b. Additional paid-in capital is decreased.
c. 2011 net income is increased.
d. Retained earnings is increased.

2. Copper, Inc., initially issued 100,000 shares of $1 par value stock for $500,000 in 2008. In 2010, the company repurchased 10,000 shares for $100,000. In 2011, 5,000 of the repurchased shares were resold for $80,000. In its balance sheet dated December 31, 2011, Copper, Inc.'s Treasury Stock account shows a balance of:
a. $ 0
b. $ 20,000
c. $ 50,000
d. $100,000

3. On June 27, 2011, Brite Co. distributed to its common stockholders 100,000 outstanding common shares of its investment in Quik, Inc., an unrelated party. The carrying amount on Brite's books of Quik's $1 par common stock was $2 per share. Immediately after the distribution, the market price of Quik's stock was $2.50 per share. In its income statement for the year ended June 30, 2011, what amount should Brite report as gain before income taxes on disposal of the stock?
a. $ 0
b. $ 50,000
c. $200,000
d. $250,000

4. Whipple Company has 1,000,000 shares of common stock authorized with a par value of $3 per share, of which 600,000 shares are outstanding. When the market value was $8 per share, Whipple issued a stock dividend whereby for each six shares held one share was issued as a stock dividend. The par value of the stock was not changed. What entry should Whipple make to record this transaction?

5. When a company issues a stock dividend which of the following would be affected?
a. Earnings per share.
b. Total assets.
c. Total liabilities.
d. Total stockholders' equity.

6. Long Co. had 100,000 shares of common stock issued and outstanding at January 1, 2011. During 2011, Long took the following actions:
March 15 Declared a 2-for-1 stock split, when the fair value of the stock was $80 per share.
December 15 Declared a $0.50 per share cash dividend.

In Long's statement of shareholders' equity for 2011, what amount should Long report as dividends?

a. $ 50,000
b. $100,000
c. $850,000

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