The If-Modified-Since header can be used to check whether a cached page is still valid. Requests can be made for pages containing images, sound, video, and so on, as well as HTML. Do you think the effectiveness of this technique is better or worse for JPEG images as compared to HTML? Think carefully about what ''effectiveness'' means and explain your answer.
Answer to relevant QuestionsOn the day of a major sporting event, such as the championship game in some popular sport, many people go to the official Web site. Is this a flash crowd in the same sense as the Florida election in 2000? Why or why not?In Fig. 7-57(c) quantization noise occurs due to the use of 4-bit samples to represent nine signal values. The first sample, at 0, is exact, but the next few are not. What is the percent error for the samples at 1/32, 2/32, ...Consider a 100,000-customer video server, where each customer watches two movies per month. Half the movies are served at 8 P.M. How many movies does the server have to transmit at once during this time period? If each movie ...In Fig. 8-6, the P-boxes and S-boxes alternate. Although this arrangement is esthetically pleasing, is it any more secure than first having all the P-boxes and then all the S-boxes?Consider the use of counter mode, as shown in Fig. 8-15, but with IV = 0. Does the use of 0 threaten the security of the cipher in general?
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