Question

The Liberty Company had the following manufacturing data for the year 2012 (in thousands of dollars):
Beginning and ending inventories ........ None
Direct material used .......... $410
Direct labor .............. 330
Supplies ................ 25
Utilities—variable portion ......... 42
Utilities—fixed portion ........... 17
Indirect labor—variable portion ........ 93
Indirect labor—fixed portion ......... 51
Depreciation .............. 215
Property taxes .............. 18
Supervisory salaries ............ 59

Selling expenses were $296,000 (including $76,000 that were variable) and general administrative expenses were $149,000 (including $21,000 that were variable). Sales were $2.5 million.
Direct labor and supplies are regarded as variable costs.
1. Prepare two income statements, one using the contribution approach and one using the absorption approach.
2. Suppose that all variable costs fluctuate directly in proportion to sales and that fixed costs are unaffected over a very wide range of sales. What would operating income have been if sales had been $2.3 million instead of $2.5 million? Which income statement did you use to help obtain your answer? Why?



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  • CreatedNovember 19, 2014
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