Question: The models of this chapter emphasize forecasting the level of

The models of this chapter emphasize forecasting the level of a series. For many business decisions, fore-casts of change are more important. If we’re projecting an increase in sales, then we need to have more items in stock. This timeplot shows sales (in thou-sands of dollars) over a 25-week period (not including special holiday sales).
(a) The following output summarizes the ft of an AR(2) model to these data. Assuming that the model meets the usual conditions, is this a good description of the dependence in this series?
(b) If we use the same two predictors Yt -1 and Yt -2 to describe the changes in sales or use the differences Dt = Yt - Yt -1, what will be the estimated slopes for the lagged variables?
(c) Explain why se of the regression of Yt on these two lags is the same as the SD of the residuals when regressing the changes on these two lags.
(d) Although the models are equivalent (in the sense that you can get the slope for one from the other), most analysts prefer to ft models to Yt itself rather than to the differences. A partial explanation comes from a comparison of R2 for the two models. Which model do you think has a larger R2: the model with Yt as the response, or the model with the differences Dt?

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