Three students were asked to find the identity of the metal in a particular sulfate salt. They dissolved a 0.1472-g sample of the salt in water and treated it with excess barium chloride, resulting in the precipitation of barium sulfate. After the precipitate had been filtered and dried, it weighed 0.2327 g. Each student analyzed the data independently and came to different conclusions. Pat decided that the metal was titanium. Chris thought it was sodium. Randy reported that it was gallium. What formula did each student assign to the sulfate salt? Look for information on the sulfates of gallium, sodium, and titanium in this text and reference books such as the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. What further tests would you suggest to determine which student is most likely correct?

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