Question

Toxaway Company is a merchandiser that segments its business into two divisions—Commercial and Residential. The company’s accounting intern was asked to prepare segmented income statements that the company’s divisional managers could use to calculate their break-even points and make decisions. She took the prior month’s companywide income statement and prepared the absorption format segmented income statement shown below:


In preparing these statements, the intern determined that Toxaway’s only variable selling and administrative expense is a 10% sales commission on all sales. The company’s total fixed expenses include $ 72,000 of common fixed expenses that would continue to be incurred even if the Commercial or Residential segments are discontinued, $ 38,000 of fixed expenses that would be avoided if the Residential segment is dropped, and $ 55,000 of fixed expenses that would be avoided if the Commercial segment is dropped.

Required:
1. Do you agree with the intern’s decision to use an absorption format for her segmented income statement? Why?
2. Based on the intern’s segmented income statement, can you determine how she allocated the company’s common fixed expenses to the Commercial and Residential segments? Do you agree with her decision to allocate the common fixed expenses to the Commercial and Resi-dential segments?
3. Redo the intern’s segmented income statement using the contribution format.
4. Compute the companywide break-even point in dollar sales.
5. Compute the break-even point in dollar sales for the Commercial Division and for the Residential Division.
6. Assume the company decided to pay its sales representatives in the Commercial and Residential Divisions a total monthly salary of $ 15,000 and $ 30,000, respectively, and to lower its companywide sales commission percentage from 10% to 5%. Calculate the new break-even point in dollar sales for the Commercial Division and the ResidentialDivision.


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  • CreatedMay 20, 2014
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