Trace the execution of the backward chaining algorithm in figure when it is applied solves the crime problem. Show the sequence of values taken on by the goals variable, and arrange them into a tree.
Answer to relevant QuestionsThe following Prolog code defines a predicate P: P(X, [X | Y]). P (X, [Y| Z]):- P (X, Z).a. Show proof trees and solutions for the queries P (A, [1, 2, 3]) and P (2, [1, A, 3])b. What standard list operation does P represent?From “Horses are animals:’ it follows that “The head of a horse is the head of animal.” Demonstrate that this inference is valid by carrying out the following steps:a. Translate the premise and the conclusion into ...Investigate ways to extend the event calculus to handle simultaneous events. Is it possible to avoid a combinatorial explosion of axioms?Define the predicates Before, After, during, and Overlap, using the predicate Meet and the functions Start and End, hut not the function Time or the predicate Figure shows the top levels of a hierarchy for everything. Extend it to include as many real categories as possible. A good way to do this is to cover all the things in your everyday life. This includes objects and events. ...
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