Vernon Corporation builds sailboats On January 1 2015 the company
Vernon Corporation builds sailboats. On January 1, 2015, the company had the following account balances: $40,000 for both cash and common stock. Boat 25 was started on February 10 and finished on May 31. To build the boat, Vernon had incurred cash costs of $7,200 for labor and $6,250 for materials. During the same period, Vernon paid $9,300 cash for actual manufacturing overhead costs. The company expects to incur $175,500 of indirect overhead cost during 2015. The overhead is allocated to jobs based on direct labor cost. The expected total labor cost for the year is $135,000.
Vernon uses a just-in-time inventory management system. Consequently, it does not have raw materials inventory. Raw materials purchases are recorded directly in the Work in Process Inventory account.

a. Use the horizontal financial statements model, as illustrated here, to record Vernon’s business events. The first row shows beginning balances.

b. If Vernon desires to earn a profit equal to 20 percent of cost, for what price should it sell the boat?
c. If the boat is not sold by year-end, what amount would appear in the Work in Process Inventory and Finished Goods Inventory on the balance sheet for Boat 25?
d. Is the amount of inventory you calculated in Requirement c the actual or the estimated cost of the boat?
e. When is it appropriate to use estimated inventory cost on a year-end balancesheet?
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