We counted ones, twos, threes, fours, and fives from a few lines of a random number table, and we should expect to get equal numbers of each. (We ignored the sixes, sevens, eights, nines, and zeros.) There were 14 ones, 12 twos, 16 threes, 11 fours, and 8 fives, which is 61 numbers in the categories selected. First, find the expected counts, which should all be the same.
Then test the hypothesis that the random number table does not generate equal proportions of ones, twos, threes, fours, and fives, using a significance level of 0.05. Refer to the goodness-of-fit (GOF) output shown.
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