# Question

We wish to estimate the difference between the mean scores on a standardized test of students taught by Instructors A and B. The scores of all students taught by Instructor A have a normal distribution with a standard deviation of 15, and the scores of all students taught by Instructor B have a normal distribution with a standard deviation of 10. To estimate the difference between the two means, you decide that the same number of students from each instructor’s class should be observed.

a. Assuming that the sample size is the same for each instructor’s class, how large a sample should be taken from each class to estimate the difference between the mean scores of the two populations to within 5 points with 90% confidence?

b. Suppose that samples of the size computed in part a will be selected in order to test for the difference between the two population mean scores using a .05 level of significance. How large does the difference between the two samples means have to be for you to conclude that the two population means are different?

c. Explain why a paired-samples design would be inappropriate for comparing the scores of Instructor A versus Instructor B.

a. Assuming that the sample size is the same for each instructor’s class, how large a sample should be taken from each class to estimate the difference between the mean scores of the two populations to within 5 points with 90% confidence?

b. Suppose that samples of the size computed in part a will be selected in order to test for the difference between the two population mean scores using a .05 level of significance. How large does the difference between the two samples means have to be for you to conclude that the two population means are different?

c. Explain why a paired-samples design would be inappropriate for comparing the scores of Instructor A versus Instructor B.

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