What is a possible mechanism by which the microbial community of the human gut increases energy recovery, thereby contributing to obesity?
Answer to relevant QuestionsWhy was Escherichia coli long thought to be a dominant member of the human gut microbial community? Identify common factors that can lead to host compromise. Which factors are controllable by the host? Which factors are not controllable by the host? Distinguish between the mechanism of cytotoxins and AB toxins. Provide at least one example of each. Identify the lymphocytes and the antigen-specific receptors involved in antibody-mediated adaptive immunity. Explain how phagocytes engulf and kill microorganisms, with particular attention to oxygen-dependent mechanisms.
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