Which of the following is an appropriate change to make on a bank’s balance sheet when GAP is negative, spread is expected to remain unchanged, and interest rates are expected to rise?
a. Replace fixed-rate loans with rate-sensitive loans.
b. Replace marketable securities with fixed-rate loans.
c. Replace fixed-rate CDs with rate-sensitive CDs.
d. Replace equity with demand deposits.
e. Replace marketable securities with vault cash.