Wolfgang Kitchens has always used the FIFO inventory costing method for both financial reporting and tax purposes. At the beginning of 2011, Wolfgang decided to change to the LIFO method. Net income in 2011 was correctly stated as $90 million. If the company had used LIFO in 2010, its cost of goods sold would have been higher by $7 million that year. Company accountants are able to determine that the cumulative net income for all years prior to 2010 would have been lower by $23 million if LIFO had been used all along, but have insufficient information to determine specific effects of using LIFO in 2009. Last year, Wolfgang reported the following net income amounts in its comparative income statements:
1. Prepare the journal entry at the beginning of 2011 to record the change in accounting principle. (Ignore income taxes.)
2. Briefly describe other steps Wolfgang will take to report the change.
3. What amounts will Wolfgang report for net income in its 2011–2009 comparative income statements?