XL Industries uses department budgets and performance reports in planning
XL Industries uses department budgets and performance reports in planning and controlling its manufacturing operations. The following annual performance report for the widget production department was presented to the president of the company:

Although a production volume of 4,000 widgets was originally budgeted for the year, the actual volume of production achieved for the year was 5,000 widgets. Direct materials and direct labor are charged to production at actual costs. Factory overhead is applied to production at the predetermined rate of 150 percent of the actual direct labor cost.
After a quick glance at the performance report showing an unfavorable manufacturing cost variance of $42,000, the president said to the accountant: “Fix this thing so it makes sense. It looks as though our production people really blew the budget. Remember that we exceeded our budgeted production schedule by a significant margin. I want this performance report to show a better picture of our ability to control costs.”

a. Prepare a revised performance report for the year on a flexible budget basis. Use the same format as the production report above, but revise the budgeted cost figures to reflect the actual production level of 5,000 widgets.
b. Briefly comment on XL’s ability to control its variable manufacturing costs.
c. What is the amount of over- or underapplied manufacturing overhead for the year?
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