Question

You are the auditor of Vegatron Services Inc., a privately owned full-service cleaning company following ASPE that is undergoing its first audit for the period ending September 30, 2011. The bank has requested that Vegatron have its statements audited this year to satisfy a condition of its debt covenant. It is currently October 1, 2011, and the company’s books have been closed. As part of the audit, you have found the following situations:
1. Despite having high receivables, Vegatron has no allowance for doubtful accounts, and cash collections have slowed dramatically. Unfortunately, Vegatron is owed $5,000 by Brad’s Fast Foods at the end of fiscal 2011. Brad’s has received substantial media attention during the past year due to Department of Health investigations that ultimately resulted in the closure of the company’s operations; the owner has apparently moved to the Bahamas. No adjustment has been made for this balance. Company management estimates that an allowance for doubtful accounts of $47,000 is required. During the 2011 fiscal year, the company wrote off $38,000 in receivables, and it estimates that its September 30, 2010 allowance for doubtful accounts should have been $30,000.
2. Vegatron’s only capital asset on its books is an advanced cleaning system that has a cost of $35,000 and a carrying amount of $20,825. Vegatron has been depreciating this asset using the capital cost allowance used for tax purposes for the two years prior to the 2011 fiscal year, at the rate of 30%. Useful life at the time of purchase was estimated to be 10 years. Vegatron would like to change to a straight-line approach to provide more relevant information to its statement users. Management anticipates that the asset will continue to be of use for four years after the September 30, 2011 year end and will have no residual value. Since the company’s accountant was uncertain about how to deal with the change in policy, depreciation expense has not been recorded for the fiscal year.
3. Vegatron purchased a computer at the beginning of the fiscal year and immediately expensed its $3,000 cost. Upon questioning, one of the owners said he thought the computer would likely not need to be replaced for at least two more years.
4. You notice that there are no supplies on the statement of financial position. Company management explains that it expenses all supplies when purchased. The company had $1,500 of cleaning supplies on hand at the end of September 2011, which is about $500 higher than the balance that was on hand at the end of the previous year.
5. Vegatron started this year to keep a small amount of excess cash in trading investments. At the end of September 2011, the fair value of this portfolio was $15,000 and the cost of the investments was $12,000.
Instructions
(a) Assuming that the company’s books are closed, prepare any journal entries that are required for each of the transactions. Ignore income tax considerations.
(b) For each of the items, discuss the type of change that is involved and how it is accounted for on the current and comparative financial statements.
(c) If Vegatron elected to follow IFRS, discuss how this might change your answers to (a).
(d) Repeat part (a) assuming that the books are open.


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  • CreatedAugust 23, 2015
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