a. Calculate the initial investment associated with each of Clar

a. Calculate the initial investment associated with each of Clark Upholstery’s alternatives.

b. Calculate the incremental operating cash inflows associated with each of Clark’s alternatives.

c. Calculate the terminal cash flow at the end of year 5 associated with each of Clark’s alternatives.

d. Use your findings in parts a, b, and c to depict on a time line the relevant cash flows associated with each of Clark Upholstery’s alternatives.

e. Solely on the basis of your comparison of their relevant cash flows, which alternative appears to be better? Why?


Bo Humphries, chief financial officer of Clark Upholstery Company, expects the firm’s net operating profit after taxes for the next 5 years to be as shown in the following table.

1...........$100,000

2........... 150,000

3........... 200,000

4........... 250,000

5............ 320,000


Bo is beginning to develop the relevant cash flows needed to analyze whether to renew or replace Clark’s only depreciable asset, a machine that originally cost $30,000, has a current book value of zero, and can now be sold for $20,000. (Because the firm’s only depreciable asset is fully depreciated—its book value is zero— its expected operating cash inflows equal its net operating profit after taxes.) He estimates that at the end of 5 years, the existing machine can be sold to net $2,000 before taxes. Bo plans to use the following information to develop the relevant cash flows for each of the alternatives.

Alternative 1 Renew the existing machine at a total depreciable cost of $90,000. The renewed machine would have a 5-year usable life and would be depreciated under MACRS using a 5-year recovery period. Renewing the machine would result in the following projected revenues and expenses (excluding depreciation and interest):


a. Calculate the initial investment associated with each of Clar


The renewed machine would result in art increased investment in net working capital of $15,000. At the end of 5 years, the machine could be sold to net $8,000 before taxes.
Alternative 2. Replace the existing machine with a new machine that costs $100,000 and requires installation costs of $10,000. The new machine would have a 5-year usable life and would be depreciated under MACRS using a 5-year recovery periods. The firm’s projected revenues and expenses (excluding depreciation and interest), if it acquires the machine, would be as follows:

a. Calculate the initial investment associated with each of Clar


The new machine would result in an increased investment in net working capital of $22,000. At the end of 5 years, the new machine could be sold to net $25,000 before taxes. The firm is subject to a 40% tax rate. As noted, the company uses MACRS depreciation.

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