# As a newly hired management accountant, you have been asked

As a newly hired management accountant, you have been asked to prepare a profit plan for the company for which you work. As part of this task, you’ve been asked to do some what-if analyses. Following is the budgeted information regarding the coming year:

Selling price per unit ...... \$ 40.00

Variable cost per unit ..... \$ 32.00

Fixed costs (per year) .....\$450,000

Required

1. What is the breakeven volume, in units and dollars, for the coming year?

2. Assume that the goal of the company is to earn a pretax (operating) profit of \$180,000 for the coming year. How many units would the company have to sell to achieve this goal?

3. Assume that, of the \$32 variable cost per unit, the labor-cost component is \$10. Current negotiations with the employees of the company indicate some uncertainty regarding the labor-cost component of the variable cost figure presented above. What is the effect on the breakeven point in units if selling price and fixed costs are as planned, but the labor cost for the coming year is 4 percent higher than anticipated? What if labor costs are 6 percent higher than anticipated? What if labor costs turn out to be 8 percent higher than anticipated? (Show calculations.)

4. Assume now that management is convinced that labor costs will be 5 percent higher than originally planned when the budget for the year was put together. What selling price per unit must the company charge to maintain the budgeted ratio of contribution margin to sales?

5. Explain the role of what-if analysis in the budgeting process.

Contribution Margin
Contribution margin is an important element of cost volume profit analysis that managers carry out to assess the maximum number of units that are required to be at the breakeven point. Contribution margin is the profit before fixed cost and taxes...

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