Each of the following internal controls has been taken from

Each of the following internal controls has been taken from a standard internal control questionnaire used by a CPA firm for assessing control risk in the payroll and personnel cycle.
1. Approval of department head or foreman on time cards is required before preparing payroll.
2. All prenumbered time cards are accounted for before beginning data entry for preparation of checks.
3. The computer calculates gross and net pay based on hours inputted and information in employee master files, and payroll accounting personnel double-check the mathematical accuracy on a test basis.
4. All voided and spoiled payroll checks are properly mutilated and retained.
5. Human resources policies require an investigation of an employment application from new employees. Investigation includes checking the employee's background, former employers, and references.
6. The payroll accounting software application will not accept data input for an employee number not contained in the employee master file.
7. Persons preparing the payroll do not perform other payroll duties (timekeeping, distribution of checks) or have access to payroll data master files or cash.
8. Written termination notices, with properly documented reasons for termination, and approval of an appropriate official are required.
9. All checks not distributed to employees are returned to the treasurer for safekeeping.
10. Online ability to add employees or change pay rates to the payroll master file is restricted via passwords to authorized human resource personnel.

a. For each internal control, identify the type(s) of specific control activity (activities) to which it applies (such as adequate documents and records or physical control over assets and records).
b. For each internal control, identify the transaction-related audit objective(s) to which it applies.
c. For each internal control, identify a specific misstatement that is likely to be prevented if the control exists and is effective.
d. For each control, list a specific misstatement that could result from the absence of the control.
e. For each control, identify one audit test that the auditor could use to uncover misstatements resulting from the absence of the control.

The word "distribution" has several meanings in the financial world, most of them pertaining to the payment of assets from a fund, account, or individual security to an investor or beneficiary. Retirement account distributions are among the most...


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