Lancer, Inc., starts a subsidiary in a foreign country on

Lancer, Inc., starts a subsidiary in a foreign country on January 1, 2010. The following account balances for the year ending December 31, 2011, are stated in kanquo (KQ), the local currency:

Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . KQ 200,000

Inventory (bought on 3/1/11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100,000

Equipment (bought on 1/1/10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80,000

Rent expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000

Dividends (paid on 10/1/11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000

Notes receivable (to be collected in 2014) . . . . . . 30,000

Accumulated depreciation—equipment . . . . . . . 24,000

Salary payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,000

Depreciation expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,000

The following exchange rates for $1 are applicable:

January 1, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 KQ

January 1, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

March 1, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

October 1, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

December 31, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Average for 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Average for 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Lancer is preparing account balances to produce consolidated financial statements.

a. Assuming that the kanquo is the functional currency, what exchange rate would be used to report each of these accounts in U.S. dollar consolidated financial statements?

b. Assuming that the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what exchange rate would be used to report each of these accounts in U.S. dollar consolidated financial statements?

Exchange Rate
The value of one currency for the purpose of conversion to another. Exchange Rate means on any day, for purposes of determining the Dollar Equivalent of any currency other than Dollars, the rate at which such currency may be exchanged into Dollars...

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