# Mountaineer, Inc., has two divisions, A and B, that manufacture expensive bicycles. Division A produces the bicycle frame, and division B assembles the rest of the bicycle onto the frame. There is a market for both the subassembly and the final product. Each division has been designated as a profit center. The transfer price for the subassembly has been set

Chapter 22, Questions #27

Mountaineer, Inc., has two divisions, A and B, that manufacture expensive bicycles. Division A produces the bicycle frame, and division B assembles the rest of the bicycle onto the frame. There is a market for both the subassembly and the final product. Each division has been designated as a profit center. The transfer price for the subassembly has been set at the long-run average market price. The following data are available for each division:

Selling price for final product .....................................................................\$280

Long-run average selling price for intermediate product .......................................160

Incremental cost per unit for completion in division B ..........................................170

Incremental cost per unit in division A ............................................................100

The manager of division B has made the following calculation:

Selling price for final product ......................................................................\$280

Transferred-in cost per unit (market) ..............................................\$160

Incremental cost per unit for completion ..........................................170............ 330

Contribution (loss) on product .....................................................................\$ (50)

Required

1. Should transfers be made to division B if there is no unused capacity in division A? Is the market price the correct transfer price? Show your computations.

2. Assume that division A's maximum capacity for this product is 2,000 units per month and sales to the intermediate market are now 1,200 units. Assume that for a variety of reasons, division A will maintain the \$160 selling price indefinitely. That is, division A is not considering lowering the price to outsiders even if idle capacity exists. Should 800 units be transferred to division B? At what transfer price?

3. Suppose division A quoted a transfer price of \$110 for up to 800 units. What would be the contribution to the company as a whole if a transfer were made? As manager of division B, would you be inclined to buy at \$110? Explain.

4. Suppose the manager of division A has the option of (a) cutting the external price to \$156, with the certainty that sales will rise to 2,000 units, or (b) maintaining the external price of \$160 for the 1,200 units and transferring the 800 units to division B at a price that would produce the same operating income for division A. What transfer price would produce the same operating income for division A? Is that price consistent with that recommended by the general guideline in the chapter so that the resulting decision would be desirable for the company as a whole?